5 things to know about Mary, the mother of Jesus

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Mary, the mother of Jesus, is undoubtedly the holy elder in the Christian tradition. Yet we know remarkably little about her. In the New Testament, there is nothing about his birth, death, appearance or age.

Apart from the accounts of Jesus’ birth which only occur in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, she is only specifically mentioned in three other events in her son’s life.

She is present at a wedding where Jesus transforms water into wine; she’s trying to see her son while he’s teaching, and she’s there at his crucifixion. Indeed, Mary is mentioned more often in the Koran than in the New Testament.

So here are five things we know about her.

1. She Was an Accidental Virgin The Gospel of Matthew is the only one that tells us that Mary was pregnant before she and Joseph had sex. It was said that she was “with the child of the Holy Spirit”. As proof, Matthew cited an Old Testament prophecy that a “virgin will conceive and give birth to a son and his name will be Emmanuel”.

Matthew was using the Greek version of the Old Testament. In the Greek Old Testament, the original Hebrew word “almah” was translated as “Parthenos”, hence in the Latin Bible as “virgin” and in English as “virgin”.

While “almah” only means “young woman”, the Greek word “Parthenos” physically means “an intact virgin”. In short, it has been said that Mary was a virgin because of a translation accident when “young woman” became “virgin”.

2. She was a perpetual virgin In early Christian doctrine, Mary remained a virgin during and after the birth of Jesus. Perhaps this only suited someone considered “the mother of God” or “bearer of God.”

Saint Ambrose of Milan (c. 339-97 CE) enthusiastically defended the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary: Blessed Mary is the door, of which it is written that the Lord entered through her, therefore it will be closed after birth; for a virgin, she conceived and gave birth.

The Lateran Council of 649 CE, a council held in Rome by the Western Church, later declared an article of faith that Jesus was conceived “without seed” and which Mary “bore incorruptibly. [him], her virginity remaining indestructible even after her birth “.

3. She Was Immaculately Designed In Western theology, it was generally recognized since the time of Saint Ambrose that Mary never sinned. But was she sinless in this life because she was born without “original sin”? After all, according to Western theology, every human being is born with original sin, the “genetic” consequence of Adam and Eve’s sin in the Garden of Eden.

The growing cult of devotion to the Virgin Mary in medieval times led to fine theological divisions on the issue. On the one hand, devotion to Mary led to the argument that God had ensured that Mary had no “original sin”.

But then, if Mary had been conceived without sin, she was already redeemed before the redemption effected by the death and resurrection of Jesus her son.

The Catholic Church only solved the problem in 1854. Pope Pius IX declared that the doctrine that the Most Holy Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception … was preserved from any stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be firmly and constantly believed by all the faithful.

4. She ascended to heaven The first centuries of Christian tradition were silent on the death of Mary. But by the 7th and 8th centuries, the belief in the bodily ascension of Mary to heaven had become firmly established in the Western and Eastern churches.

The Eastern Greek Orthodox Church was held at the Dormition of Mary. According to this, Mary had a natural death, and her soul was subsequently received by Christ. His body was resurrected on the third day after his death. She was then taken up bodily into heaven.

For a long time, the Catholic Church has been ambiguous as to whether Mary rose from the dead after a brief period of rest in death, then ascended into heaven, or was bodily “assumed” into heaven before dying.

The belief in Mary’s ascension to heaven became Catholic doctrine in 1950. Pope Pius XII then declared that Mary was not subject to the law to remain in the corruption of the grave, and she did not had to wait until the end of time for the redemption of his body.

5. She is a sky goddess. The consequence of the bodily ascension of Mary was the absence of all bodily relics. Although there was breast milk, tears, hair, and nail clippings, her relics were mostly “second-rate”: clothes, rings, veils, and shoes.

In the absence of his skeletal remains, his devotees were content with visions – in Lourdes, Guadalupe, Fatima, Medjugorje, etc. Like other saints, her places of pilgrimage were places where she could be called upon to ask God to answer the prayers of her faithful.

But she was more than just a saint. In popular devotion, she was a sky goddess always dressed in blue. She was the goddess of the moon and the star of the sea (Stella Maris).

She was related to the astrological sign of Virgo (unsurprisingly) – the Queen of Heaven and the Queen of Angels.

(This story was not edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)


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