Pope lands in Canada, ready to apologize to Indigenous groups


Pope Francis began a busy visit to Canada on Sunday to apologize to Indigenous peoples for abuses committed by missionaries in residential schools, a key step in the Catholic Church’s efforts to reconcile with and help Indigenous communities. to heal from generations of trauma.

Francis flew from Rome to Edmonton, Alta., where his welcome party included Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mary May Simon, an Inuk who is Canada’s first Indigenous Governor General. Francis had no official events scheduled for Sunday, giving him time to rest before meeting survivors near the site of a former boarding school in Maskwacis on Monday, where he is expected to issue an apology.

Pope Francis is greeted by a group of Indigenous leaders on Sunday July 24, 2022 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Eric Gay / AP

Francis, in a wheelchair, was lifted out of the back of his plane before being driven in a compact white Fiat to an airport hangar where he was met by Trudeau, Simon and other dignitaries.

Drums and indigenous songs broke the silence as the welcome ceremony began. A succession of native leaders and elders greeted the pope and exchanged gifts.

After being greeted at the airport, Francis was to travel by motorcade to St. Joseph’s Seminary in Edmonton, where he will be staying.

On board the papal plane, Francis told reporters it was a “penitential journey” and he urged praying especially for the elderly and grandparents.

Indigenous groups are seek more than words, however, as they push for access to church records to learn the fate of children who never returned from boarding schools. They also want justice for the aggressors, financial reparations and the return of aboriginal artifacts held by the Vatican Museums.

“This apology validates our experiences and creates an opportunity for the church to restore relationships with Indigenous peoples around the world,” said Grand Chief George Arcand Jr., of the Treaty Six Confederacy. But he stressed: “It doesn’t stop there – there is a lot to do. It’s a beginning. »

Francis’ week-long trip — which will take him to Edmonton; Quebec and finally Iqaluit, in Nunavut, in the Far North — follows the meetings he held in the spring at the Vatican with delegations from the First Nations, Métis and Inuit. These meetings ended with a April 1 historic apology for the “deplorable” abuses committed by certain Catholic missionaries in boarding schools.

The Canadian government has admitted physical and sexual abuse was endemic in state-funded Christian schools that operated from the 19th century to the 1970s. Some 150,000 Indigenous children were taken from their families and forced to attend in the goal of isolating them from the influence of their homes, native languages ​​and cultures and assimilating them into the Christian society of Canada.

Then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued a formal apology for the residential schools in 2008. As part of a lawsuit settlement involving the government, churches and approximately 90,000 surviving students, Canada paid reparations amounting to billions of dollars transferred to indigenous communities. The Catholic Church in Canada says its dioceses and religious orders have provided more than $50 million in cash and in-kind, and hopes to add another $30 million over the next five years.

In 2015, Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission called for a papal apology to be delivered on Canadian soil, but it wasn’t until after the discovery in 2021 of the possible remains of approximately 200 children from the former Kamloops boarding school in British Columbia whom the Vatican mobilized to comply with the request.

“I honestly believe that if it wasn’t for the discovery…and all the spotlight that’s been shone on the Oblates or the Catholic Church as well, I don’t think any of this would have happened,” Raymond said. Frogner, chief archivist of the National Center for Truth and Reconciliation.

Frogner has just returned from Rome where he spent five days at the headquarters of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, which operated 48 of the 139 Christian boarding schools, the most of any Catholic order. After the graves were discovered, the Oblates finally offered “full transparency and accountability” and allowed him to enter their headquarters to search for the names of alleged sex offenders from a single school in the province of Saskatchewan. , in western Canada, he said.

There, he found 1,000 black-and-white photos of schools and their students, with inscriptions on the backs, which he said would be invaluable to survivors and their families hoping to find traces of their relatives. He said the Oblates have agreed on a common project to digitize the photographs and make them available online.

The Inuit community, for its part, seeks to Vatican assistance to extradite a single Oblate priest, Reverend Joannes Rivoire, who ministered to Inuit communities until his departure in the 1990s and his return to France. Canadian authorities issued a warrant for his arrest in 1998 on charges of multiple counts of sexual abuse, but it was never served.

Inuit leader Natan Obed personally asked Francis for help from the Vatican to extradite Rivoire, telling The Associated Press in March that was one specific thing the Vatican could do to bring healing to its many victims.

Asked about the request, Vatican spokesman Matteo Bruni said last week he had no information about the case.

At a Saturday press conference in Edmonton, organizers said they would do everything possible to allow school survivors to attend papal events, especially for the Maskwaci apology and the Tuesday rally at Lac Ste. Anne, long a popular place of pilgrimage for native Catholics.

Both are in rural areas and the organizers arrange shuttle transport from various park and ride locations. They noted that many survivors are now elderly and frail and may need accessible vehicle transportation, diabetic-friendly snacks, and other services.

The Reverend Cristino Bouvette, national liturgical coordinator for the papal visit, who is of part indigenous descent, said he hopes the visit heals those who “carried a wound, a cross with which they suffered, in some case for generations”. .”

Bouvette, a priest from the Diocese of Calgary, said papal liturgical events will have strong Indigenous representation — including prominent roles for Indigenous clergy and the use of Indigenous languages, music and designs on liturgical vestments.

Bouvette said he does this work in honor of his “kokum,” the Cree word for grandmother, who spent 12 years at a residential school in Edmonton. She “probably never could have imagined these many years later that her grandson would be involved in this work”.


Gillies reported from Toronto.


Associated Press religious coverage receives support through the AP’s collaboration with The Conversation US, with funding from Lilly Endowment Inc. The AP is solely responsible for this content.

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