Today in history: creation of the Türkiye Garanti Bankası

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Creation of the Garanti Bank in Turkey

April 25 is the 115th (116th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 250.

Railways

  • April 25, 1912 The General Directorate of Hejaz Railways was separated from the Grand Vizier and was first connected to the Ministry of War on October 9, 1912 with the Grand Vizier. By a provisional decree published on January 11, 1913, it was removed from the Grand Vizier and annexed to the Ministry of Foundations. He was attached to the Ministry of War on October 7, 1916. The Ministry of War assigned the function of Director General of the Hejaz Railway to the General Directorate of Railways and Military Ports.
  • April 25, 1946 Istanbul-Ankara line rail services begin.
  • 2005 – Train accident in Japan: 107 dead.

Olaylar

  • 1719 – The famous novel by Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe published.
  • 1859 – Digging of the Suez Canal, which will connect the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, begins in Port Said, Egypt.
  • 1901 – New York becomes the first state to make license plates mandatory for cars.
  • 1915 – Anglo-French forces launch a landing operation at Çanakkale. The land wars have begun.
  • 1915 – The Battle of Seddülbahir begins.
  • 1915 – The Battle of Arıburnu begins.
  • 1925 – Marshal Hindenburg becomes the first German president to be elected by universal suffrage.
  • 1926 – Reza Khan Pahlavi proclaims himself “Shah” in Iran.
  • [1945-Delegatesfrom46countriesmeetinSanFranciscotoestablishtheUnitedNationswhichwillreplacetheLeagueofNations[1945-Desdéléguésde46paysseréunissentàSanFranciscopourétablirlesNationsUniesquiremplacerontlaSociétédesNations
  • 1946 – Establishment of Garanti Bank of Turkey.
  • 1952 – Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and Foreign Minister Fuad Köprülü pay an official visit to Greece.
  • 1953 – Two Cambridge University scientists discover the molecular structure they call deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which passes traits inherited from parent to child.
  • 1957 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.1 occurs in the district of Fethiye in Muğla: 67 people died.
  • 1962 – The Constitutional Court is created.
  • 1967 – Artist Lale Oraloğlu, who went on a hunger strike on April 11, after the performance of the play “If Women Say I-Ih” was banned, got worse and was hospitalized.
  • 1968 – André Malraux’s book “Hope” translated into Turkish is confiscated on the grounds of “communist propaganda”.
  • 1974 – Carnation Revolution in Portugal: Salazar’s fascist dictatorship is overthrown by a military uprising led by General Antonio Spinola.
  • 1975 – The Bilderberg meeting, attended by famous Western businessmen, was held in Çeşme.
  • 1975 – Elections to the Portuguese Constituent Assembly, Socialist Party led by Mario Soares kazanwas.
  • 1976 – The first legislative elections after the fascist dictatorship in Portugal, the Socialist Party led by Mario Soares kazanwas.
  • 1980 – The process leading to the September 12, 1980 coup in Turkey (1979 – September 12, 1980): Left-wing activists Seyit Konuk, İbrahim Ethem Coşkun and Necati Vardar killed entrepreneur Nuri Yapıcı in İzmir. 15 people were killed across the country.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 crosses the orbit of Pluto.
  • 1986 – The Istanbul prosecutor’s office decides to “bag” the “Playboy” magazine, which was included in the “dirty publication”.
  • 1990 – United Communist Party of Turkey (TBKP) leaders Nabi Yağcı and Nihat Sargın, who started a death fast on April 6, broke their death fast.
  • 1990 – The crew of the American space shuttle Discovery succeeds in putting the first space telescope, Hubble, into orbit around the earth.
  • 2000 – The presidents of the five political parties which have groups in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed the proposal which appoints the President of the Constitutional Court, Ahmet Necdet Sezer, as President and presented it to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Turkey.
  • 2001 – Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is arrested at his Manila home for embezzling his country’s $80 million.
  • 2001 – The law on the autonomy of the Central Bank is adopted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 2005 – Beginning of negotiations for the entry of Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union.

births

  • 32 – Otho, Roman Emperor (died 69)
  • 1599 – Oliver Cromwell, English politician and soldier (leader of the rebellion against absolutism in England) (d.
  • 1657 – Tökeli İmre, Hungarian King (refugee in the Ottoman Empire) (died 1705)
  • 1725 – Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller, German zoologist (died 1776)
  • 1815 – Mirza Shirazi, Islamic scholar (died 1895)
  • 1823 – Sultan Abdülmecit, 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (died 1861)
  • 1824 – Gustave Boulanger, French classical figure painter and naturalist (died 1888)
  • 1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (died 1937)
  • 1888 – Chojun Miyagi, Japanese athlete and karate (died 1953)
  • 1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (died 1958)
  • 1906 – Frank H. Netter, American painter and physician (died 1991)
  • 1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (died 1996)
  • 1920 – Sabahattin Kudret Aksal, Turkish poet, storyteller and playwright (died 1993)
  • 1921 – Karel Appel, Dutch painter and sculptor (died 2006)
  • 1927 – Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist and comic book writer (died 2020)
  • 1936 – Leonel Sánchez, Chilean footballer
  • 1937 – Marilyn B. Young, American historian and scholar (died 2017)
  • 1940 – Al Pacino, American actor and Oscar winner for best actor
  • 1941 – Bertrand Tavernier, French director, producer, screenwriter and actor (born in 2021)
  • [1945-ÖzdemirÖzokTurkishlawyer(deceasedin2010)[1945-ÖzdemirÖzokavocatturc(décédéen2010)
  • 1947 – Johan Cruyff, Dutch footballer and manager (died 2016)
  • 1948 – Péter Andorai, Hungarian actor (died 2020)
  • 1959 – Burhan Öçal, Turkish percussionist and actor
  • 1960 – Ramón Vilalta, architect of Catalan origin
  • 1965 – Édouard Ferrand, French politician (died 2018)
  • 1968 – İdris Bal, Turkish scholar and politician
  • 1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
  • 1970 – Jason Lee, American actor
  • 1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula 1 driver
  • 1986 – Raïs M’Bolhi is a French footballer of Algerian origin.
  • 1986 – Daniel Andrew Sharman, English actor
  • 1988 – Laura Lepistö, Finnish figure skater
  • 1989 – Aysel Teymurzade, Azerbaijani singer
  • 1993 – Raphaël Varane, French national footballer
  • 1995 – Ellen Benediktson, Swedish singer and songwriter.
  • 1996 – Allisyn Ashley Arm is an American actress.
  • 1998 – Satou Sabally, Gambian-born German professional basketball player.

Armed

  • 1077 – Géza I, 7th King of the Kingdom of Hungary (b. 1040)
  • 1185 – Antoku, 81st Emperor of Japan (b. 1178)
  • 1342 – XII. Benedict, 197th Pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1285)
  • 1472 – Leon Battista Alberti, Italian painter, poet and philosopher (b. 1404)
  • 1566 – Louise Labé, French poet (born in 1524)
  • 1644 – Chongzhen, 16th and last Ming dynasty emperor of China (b. 1611)
  • 1667 – Pedro de Betancur, Spanish Christian saint and missionary (b. 1626)
  • 1744 – Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (b. 1701)
  • 1800 – William Cowper, English poet and humanist (b. 1731)
  • 1820 – Constantin François de Chassebœuf, French philosopher, historian, orientalist and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1840 – Siméon Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (born in 1781)
  • 1878 – Anna Sewell, English novelist (b. 1820)
  • 1914 – Géza Fejérváry, Hungarian soldier and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (b. 1833)
  • 1928 – Piotr Wrangel, Russian soldier (leader of the counter-revolutionary White Army) (born in 1878)
  • 1941 – Salih Bozok, Turkish soldier, assistant and deputy to Atatürk (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Paul Renner, German graphic designer and instructor (b. 1878)
  • 1972 – George Sanders, English actor (born 1906)
  • 1976 – Sir Carol Reed, English film director and producer (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – WR Burnett, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Clifford D. Simak, American author (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophonist (born 1923)
  • 1995 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (born 1911)
  • 1996 – Saul Bass, American graphic designer, filmmaker and Oscar winner (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Michele Alboreto, Italian racing driver (born in 1956)
  • 2002 – Ahmet Uğurlu, Turkish industrialist (founder of “Uğurgül” factories, which produced the first television tube in Turkey) (born in 1930)
  • 2002 – Lisa Lopes, American singer (born in 1971)
  • 2003 – Lynn Chadwick, British sculptor (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Jane Jacobs, Canadian-American journalist, author and activist (b. 1916)
  • 2009 – Beatrice Arthur, American actress and singer (born in 1922)
  • 2011 – Osman Durali, Turkish-Bulgarian wrestler (born 1939)
  • 2011 – Güven Sazak, Turkish businessman and president of Fenerbahçe Sports Club (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter (born in 1916)
  • 2012 – Paul L. Smith, American actor, comedian and voice actor (born 1936)
  • 2013 – Virginia Gibson, American singer, dancer and actress (born 1925)
  • 2014 – Tito Vilanova, Spanish footballer and manager (born 1968)
  • 2015 – Dan Fredinburg, American computer scientist and computer engineer (born 1981)
  • 2015 – Otakar Krámský, Czech circuit racing driver (born 1959)
  • 2016 – Samantha Schubert, Malaysian actress and beauty queen (born 1969)
  • 2017 – Philippe Mestre, French politician (born in 1927)
  • 2017 – Yelena Rjevskaya, Soviet writer (born in 1919)
  • 2017 – Munyua Waiyaki, Kenyan politician and physician (b. 1925)
  • 2018 – Şöhret Abbasov, Uzbek actor, director, screenwriter and film producer (born in 1931)
  • 2018 – Michael Anderson, British director (born in 1920)
  • 2018 – Abbas Attar, Iranian photographer (born in 1944)
  • 2018 – Edith MacArthur, Scottish actress (born 1926)
  • 2019 – Robbert de Graaf, Dutch racing cyclist (born in 1991)
  • 2019 – John Havlicek, American professional basketball player (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Larry Jenkins, American actor, filmmaker, director and screenwriter (born in 1955)
  • 2019 – Faty Papy, Burundian national footballer (born in 1990)
  • 2020 – Alan Abel, American musician, educator and inventor (born 1928)
  • 2020 – India Adams, American singer, voice artist and actress (born 1927)
  • 2020 – Erin Babcock, Canadian nurse and politician (born 1981)
  • 2020 – Ricardo Brennand, Brazilian businessman, engineer and art collector in the state of Pernambuco (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Ricardo Divila, Brazilian motorsport designer (born 1945)
  • 2020 – Henri Kichka, Belgian writer (born in 1926)
  • 2020 – Robert Mandell, American-born British conductor (born 1929)
  • 2020 – Gunnar Seijbold, Swedish photographer and musician (born in 1955)
  • 2021 – Hamid Casimiyan, Iranian footballer (born in 1936)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Parental Alienation Awareness Day
  • Statistics Day in Turkey
  • world malaria day
  • DNA day
  • Carnation Revolution (Portugal)


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